07 Oct This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.
Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise apparent. Alternatively, your analysis may phone the credibility for the arguments associated with the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments of this lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation associated with the two texts. In any event, you’re going to be creating a crucial “dialogue between texts.”
Reading the Texts
You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.
First, read the lens text to determine the author’s core arguments and vocabulary. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually dense and complex, it may possibly be beneficial to develop an overview for the author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main a few ideas” of this lens text, as opposed to working with isolated quotes which could or may possibly not be indicative associated with the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly comprehend and may articulate the author’s points that are main continuing towards the target text.
Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to produce a basic notion of its content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement between your two texts? Which associated with lens text’s arguments that are main be reproduced to your target text? It may possibly be better to give attention to a couple of of the lens text’s central arguments.
With one of these tips at heart, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical thinking about the next questions: do you know the main aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances into the target text? Is there circumstances where in actuality the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web page figures, quotes, as well as your ideas and responses while you read.
Because this kind of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is particularly crucial to own a definite course of action before you start composing. It might help to cluster quotes or occasions by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or otherwise alter the arguments when you look at the lens text. Hopefully, common themes, some ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you will begin drafting!
Composing the Introduction and Thesis
As the paper has to do with the complex interactions between numerous texts, it is vital to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Remember to obviously introduce the lens text and its own certain arguments you is supposed to paper writer be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific occasions you are handling in your analysis.
These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or form of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of relationship you’re going to be speaking about, and explains exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.
Composing your body
Your body is when you use certain arguments through the lens text to certain quotes or circumstances within the target text. In each full instance, be sure to talk about exactly just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the goal text, but be sure to be clear about where some ideas into the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the goal text, your very own interpretation etc.) therefore the reader does not be confused.
By participating in this particular analysis, you may be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your own personal ideas. As this really is undoubtedly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may prove of good use. Within their guide, they state, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to assist authors participate in unfamiliar kinds of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in virtually any ability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.
Right right right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:
The writer associated with the lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the target text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees that is______, which may be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Therefore, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.
Based on the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text might be considered an example of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.
One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.
In the event that composer of the lens text is proper that ________, you would expect you’ll see ________ in the mark text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord implies that ________. This problem is crucial because ________.
Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing
The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the discipline where you might be composing. Put another way, that which was the idea of undertaking your analysis within the beginning? Delighted lens writing!
Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.
Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.